Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It
The problem of treating addiction and mental illness, which can be a result of unhealthy thoughts and feelings can be addressed by cognitive-behavioural therapy.
In the 1960s Dr. Aaron T. Beck founded a type of mental health counselling known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
CBT is now an internationally accepted mode of treatment for addictions. CBT educates recovering addicts to establish connections between their thoughts, feelings and actions and to increase awareness about how these matters can have an impact on recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
Various forms of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Various forms of eating disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Find a treatment centre for addiction specialising in CBT today.
CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. The nature of the place where a person is living and even their history may play a part in their behaviour.
With the help of cognitive behavioural therapists, recovering addicts can fetch out negative "automatic thoughts" of their own. A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. The abuse of drugs or alcohol is in many cases an attempt to get rid of these negative thoughts.
When persons suffering from addiction realize the reason why they feel or act in a definite way and how these feelings and actions trigger drug use, they are better armed to combat their addictions.
These addiction can be gradually minimised if they address the past experiences and thoughts. After that they can learn other, favourable behaviours that will replace those leading to drug or alcohol use.
Use Of Cbt In Addiction Treatment
The root causes of depression and anxiety which are common among people, and are co-occurring disorders with addiction emanate from the automatic thoughts which have imbibed themselves within the individual.
A person may be more likely to abuse alcohol or drugs when experiencing these negative thoughts.
Triggers - certain situations that provoke, i.e. "trigger", cravings for substance during the day - prevent many addicts from living a sober life. There are three ways in which CBT can help recovering users deal with triggers according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
Using techniques that are bound to help the patient up boost moral.
Teaching the individual effective skills at communicating.
How To Manage Triggers
Recognize Triggers In Time
Learn to identify what makes you want to take drugs or drink.
This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.
You can practice CBT behaviour techniques anywhere and everywhere. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
In order to help with addiction recovery cognitive behavioural therapists are known to utilise specific exercises.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:
This involves dispelling automatic negative thoughts by finding proof that shows these thoughts to be false.
The participants are supposed to evaluate their thoughts critically to see the downsides it is causing to their lives.
The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
Example "my manager thinks I'm useless." I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. This will lead them to realize that they don't need alcohol to feel better.
By evaluating these thoughts, one gets to understand the better behaviours to follow.
It is well-known that some people respond better to self-kindness while others could display better responses to self-criticism.
Behavioural experiments are just about understanding what works best for a particular individual to a situation.
Example: "when I criticize myself after indulging in too much drink, I drink less" vs. "when I encourage myself that I am better off without so much drinking, I drink less."
Creating Images In Your Mind
During this exercise, patients have to think about a past experience that causes severe negative feelings.
They capture their every emotion, sight, sound, impulse and thought they felt at that moment.
By reliving painful memories again and again, the addict can gradually mitigate the anxiety caused by these past experiences.
Example: Painful childhood memories haunt an individual who constantly focuses on them. He reproduces every feeling and emotion which he experienced at that moment. Eventually, repeatedly remembering this episode gives him less pain, and he doesn't feel the need to take drugs or drink alcohol to ease this pain.
The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
This is a practice involving creating a healthy weekly list, entertaining practices to halt an individual's daily activities.
All the activities on the list should be easy to do, simple, and trigger positive emotions.
The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.
Example: A financial advisor working in a high stress environment can take 15 minutes off the job to do something relaxing instead of turning to alcohol or drugs when overwhelmed. He utilises that moment to get and appreciate a fresh song from a new singer.
Difference Between Other Therapies And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is more likeable than many other methods of therapy.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. Instead of this, therapists and addicts carry out joint activities aimed at overcoming the addiction.
The foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on action-based treatment, which will be rapid. Most 60 to 90 day rehab programs incorporate CBT to give individuals instant ways of coping.
Some kinds of psychotherapy can take years until they produce a reliable result. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can be adapted to make it effective during inpatient and outpatient sessions, along with individual and group counselling environments. Numerous therapists and addiction treatment centres are commonly including CBT along with the recovery plans which are offered by them.